General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8201 (Print), 2972-4511 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Theory Eng.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
    • Associate Editor-in-Chief: Assoc. Prof. Alberto Arteta, Assoc. Prof. Engin Maşazade
    • Managing Editor: Ms. Mia Hu
    • Abstracting/Indexing: Scopus (Since 2022), INSPEC (IET), CNKI,  Google Scholar, EBSCO, etc.
    • Average Days from Submission to Acceptance: 192 days
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Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
Computer Science Department, Troy University, USA
I'm happy to take on the position of editor in chief of IJCTE. We encourage authors to submit papers concerning any branch of computer theory and engineering.

IJCTE 2013 Vol.5(4): 616-620 ISSN: 1793-8201
DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE.2013.V5.760

Bone Trabecular Analysis of Femur Radiographs for the Assessment of Osteoporosis Using DWT and DXA

V. Sapthagirivasan, M. Anburajan, and V. Mahadevan

Abstract—The lifespan can be increased in a positive mode by initial diagnosis of osteoporosis. Analysis of trabecular properties on digital hip radiographs could be useful in identifying the subjects with low bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis. Early detection of fracture risk is important for initiating treatment and improving outcomes from both physiologic and pathologic causes of bone loss. So, the aim of the present study was to test the potentiality of the discrete wavelet transform based qualitative trabecular bone analysis method for the assessment of osteoporosis using simple radiographs. Our study was performed on 20 post-menopausal women without osteoporotic fractures and 21 healthy pre-menopausal women. For all subjects radiographs and bone mineral density measurements were obtained. The energy computed from trabecular pattern of normal bone by trabecular enhanced radiographic samples appeared to be higher than the energy from samples of the osteopenia and osteoporosis in greater-trochanter and neck regions. Hence forth, our results suggest that, the plain radiographs might be used instead of BMD measurements for the screening of osteoporosis and its associated fracture risk assessment.

Index Terms—Osteoporosis, osteopenia, digital radiograph, texture analysis, discrete wavelet transform (DWT), BMD, DXA, Indian women.

V. Sapthagirivasan and M. Anburajan are with the SRM University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kattankulathur, Chennai, India 603203 (e-mail:,
V. Mahadevan is with the Swinburne University of Technology, Department of Information Systems and e-Business, Melbourne, Australia (e-mail:


Cite:V. Sapthagirivasan, M. Anburajan, and V. Mahadevan, "Bone Trabecular Analysis of Femur Radiographs for the Assessment of Osteoporosis Using DWT and DXA," International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 616-620, 2013.

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