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    • ISSN: 1793-8201 (Print), 2972-4511 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Theory Eng.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
    • Associate Editor-in-Chief: Assoc. Prof. Alberto Arteta, Assoc. Prof. Engin Maşazade
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
Computer Science Department, Troy University, USA
I'm happy to take on the position of editor in chief of IJCTE. We encourage authors to submit papers concerning any branch of computer theory and engineering.

IJCTE 2022 Vol.14(1): 9-14 ISSN: 1793-8201
DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE.2022.V14.1304

Sustainable Microfinance Outreach for Farmers with Blockchain Cryptocurrency and Smart Contracts

Malni Kumarathunga, Rodrigo N. Calheiros, and Athula Ginige
Monika Ciesielkiewicz1,*, Claire F. Bonilla2, and Carlos Olave-Lopez-de-Ayala3
1. School of Education, Computense Unversity of Madrid, Spain
2. Department of Computer Science, UDIMA—Universidad a Distancia de Madrid, Spain
3. School of Ecomomics, University of Valencia, Spain
Email: monikacies@gmail.com(M.C.); clairefbonilla@gmail.com(C.F.B.); carolode@alumni.uv.es(C.O.-L.A.)
*Corresponding author

Abstract—In the process of cultivation, from the point of deciding to plant a certain crop to the point of selling harvest to the market, farmers incur many expenses at different stages of the crop life cycle. 75% of smallholder farmers around the world includes the world’s poorest. Most of them face constraints in getting finance to cover such costs. Microfinance, a method of offering small loans to the marginal, has evolved as a major institutional source to provide financial facilities to such people. Although there is ample evidence showing that microfinance has a positive impact on economic activities, securing the livelihood of the marginal people by uplifting their economic status, it can be a dilemma at the same time, since the severe indebtedness caused by microfinance loans has led impoverished communities to economic, social, and environmental vulnerabilities. In this paper, we present a blockchain-based conceptual model for sustainable microfinance outreach for farmers where the microfinance institutes can dynamically adjust the loans they provide according to the farmer’s actions resulting in a reduction in severe indebtedness and vulnerabilities while smoothing the crop cultivation process leading to better farm outputs and income.

Index Terms—Blockchain, cryptocurrency, farmers, microfinance, smart contracts.

The authors are with the Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia (e-mail: m.kumarathunga@westernsydney.edu.au, r.calheiros@westernsydney.edu.au, a.ginige@westernsydney.edu.au).

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Cite:Malni Kumarathunga, Rodrigo N. Calheiros, and Athula Ginige, "Sustainable Microfinance Outreach for Farmers with Blockchain Cryptocurrency and Smart Contracts," International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 9-14, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).


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