General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8201 (Print), 2972-4511 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Comput. Theory Eng.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
    • Associate Editor-in-Chief: Assoc. Prof. Alberto Arteta, Assoc. Prof. Engin Maşazade
    • Managing Editor: Ms. Mia Hu
    • Abstracting/Indexing: Scopus (Since 2022), INSPEC (IET), CNKI,  Google Scholar, EBSCO, etc.
    • Average Days from Submission to Acceptance: 192 days
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Prof. Mehmet Sahinoglu
Computer Science Department, Troy University, USA
I'm happy to take on the position of editor in chief of IJCTE. We encourage authors to submit papers concerning any branch of computer theory and engineering.

IJCTE 2013 Vol.5(3): 494-499 ISSN: 1793-8201
DOI: 10.7763/IJCTE.2013.V5.736

Improving Bit-Vector Representation of Points-To Sets Using Class Hierarchy

Hamid A. Toussi and Ahmed Khademzadeh

Abstract—Points-to analysis is the problem of approximating run-time values of pointers statically or at compile-time. Points-to sets are used to store the approximated values of pointers during points-to analysis. Memory usage and running time limit the ability of points-to analysis to analyze large programs. To our knowledge, works which have implemented a bit-vector representation of points-to sets so far, allocates bits for each pointer without considering pointer’s type. By considering the type, we are able to allocate bits only for a subset of all abstract objects which are of compatible type with the pointer’s type and as a consequence improve the memory usage and running time. To achieve this goal, we number abstract objects in a way that all the abstract objects of a type and all of its sub-types are consecutive in order. Our most efficient implementation uses about 2.5× less memory than hybrid points-to set (default points-to set in Spark) and also improves the analysis time for sufficiently large programs.

Index Terms—Programming languages, points-to analysis, points-to sets, data structures, bit-vectors, class hierarchy, Java.

Hamid A. Toussi is with the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran (e-mail:
Ahmed Khademzadeh was with the Department of Computer Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran. He is now a PhD student and member of the biocomplex lab at Florida Institute of Technology, Florida, USA (e-mail:


Cite:Hamid A. Toussi and Ahmed Khademzadeh, "Improving Bit-Vector Representation of Points-To Sets Using Class Hierarchy," International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 494-499, 2013.

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